The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has developed a new international standard called ISO 45001 that outlines the specifications for an occupational, health, and safety management system (OHSMS). It offers a structure for managing the prevention of demise, work-related disease, and injury. The standard’s ultimate objective is to assist companies in proactively enhancing OHS performance and developing a safe and healthy workplace.
Note that ISO 45001 offers suggestions. It makes no explicit recommendations for OHS performance standards or OHSMS design. It is a management technique that companies can voluntarily utilize to reduce OHS risks.
What is the need for ISO 45001?
The need for an international standard to oversee OHS performance can be attributed to a number of factors:
Organizations must, first and foremost, take steps to reduce the possibility that any of the people who might be harmed by their actions would suffer harm. The guideline encourages businesses to develop a safer, healthier workplace in an effort to safeguard human lives.
2.34 million deaths worldwide occurred in 2013 as a result of worker actions, according to the International Labor Organization (ILO). The vast majority (2 million) are not injuries but rather health problems. With this many work injuries and diseases, there is a considerable fiscal cost. To survive, organisations must control all of their risks, including OHS. Key employee loss, company interruption, claims, higher insurance rates, regulatory action, reputational harm, loss of investors, and business failure can all be consequences of poor OHS management.
• Lastly, more globalisation creates new OHS challenges. A global standard that encourages conformance is ISO 45001.
What constitutes ISO 45001’s main components?
OSHAS 18001 and ISO 45001 have many of the same or related components. However, ISO 45001 has certain significant features and modifications that set the new standard apart.
For the personnel of the organisation, ISO 45001 creates new positions. It first places a focus on employee involvement in the OHSMS. This involves ensuring that employees are qualified and have the necessary abilities to carry out their duties securely. Second, top management’s responsibilities differ from those in OHSAS 18001. It should be noted that a designated Management Representative is no longer necessary; rather, those in management roles are expected to assume responsibility and show a commitment to OHS through leadership. Top management must demonstrate direct involvement and engagement with the OHSMS by:
• Ensuring the organization’s OHS policy and objectives are compatible with the overall strategic direction of the organization
• Integrating OHSMS processes and requirements into business processes
• Developing and promoting an OHS culture that supports the OHSMS
• Being accountable for the OHSMS’s effectiveness
In addition to people, ISO 45001 Certification standard follows a risk-based approach that advocates prevention. This requires identifying activities that could harm those working on behalf of the organization. A large part of this involves understanding the “context” of the organization, another new element of ISO 45001. Organizations must be able to identify all external and internal factors that have the potential to impact OHS management objectives and results in India.
There are new provisions relating to hazard identification as well as provisions that address risks and opportunities. Similar to other parts of the standard, hazard identification is a process rather than a technique in this one and, crucially, takes into account everyone who may be touched by the organization’s operations nearby. The hierarchy that ISO 45001 Certification in India further describes for businesses to choose the right controls is more clearly defined.
Also, Check –>> Changes in ISO 45001 from OHSAS
Why do I need to do this? What are the advantages of management systems like ISO 45001 Certification?
An organisational framework known as a management system helps businesses accomplish and maintain their operational and financial goals through a process of ongoing development. Through an organised set of policies, processes, practices, and resources that direct the firm and its activities to optimize commercial value, a management system is created to detect and manage risks.